Ocean Primers

Data highlights

Visualizations of key ocean trends

40% faster than predicted
The past five years have been the warmest years in the ocean on record. Read more
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410 parts per million
Global CO2 emissions have risen steadily in recent decades. Read more
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93 Mt
Annual production from capture fisheries has remained largely stable or slightly declining for the past 20 years. Read more
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IUU: 32mt
Illegal, unregulated, and unreported (IUU) catch may account for as much as 25% of wild capture landings. Read more
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47% of landings
Aquaculture production has grown steadily. Read more
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381 million tonnes
Roughly half of all plastic ever produced was made in the last 15 years. Read more
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10% ocean protection by 2020
Less than 5 percent of the world's ocean is protected in implemented Marine Protected Areas. Read more
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$1.3 billion USD
Foundations and development aid contributed approximately USD 1.3 billion to marine conservation in 2016. Read more
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