Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated Fishing and Associated Drivers
Sjarief Widjaja, Tony Long, and Hassan Wirajuda et al.
S. Widjaja, T. Long, H. Wirajuda, et al. 2020. Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated Fishing and Associated Drivers. Washington, DC: World Resources Institute. Available online at www.oceanpanel.org/ iuu-fishing-and-associated-drivers
This Blue Paper, which examines illegal, unreported and unregulated (IUU) fishing and the drivers associated with it, comes at an extremely relevant time. IUU fishing is already undermining the sustainability of the ocean, and recognition of the significant risks it poses for future fisheries productivity and the attainment of a sustainable ocean economy is growing, along with our understanding of the cascading social and environmental consequences that go beyond fisheries to impact food, nutritional and maritime security. The paper details tangible actions that must be taken to end this threat. Many of these are recognisable from previous high-level papers and reports dating to 2001, indicative that the global response has been extremely slow. However, the paper also makes clear that there are decisive opportunities for transformational action, enabled by new technology, knowledge and partnerships that can turn the tide. We know what needs to be done, and leaders must take the opportunity to act. With only one year left to fulfil the target set by UN Sustainable Development Goal 14.4—to end IUU fishing and overfishing by 2020—we are delighted to be able to contribute to this debate through this paper.