Data Highlights

The following charts offer a snapshot of trends in ocean threats across global ocean resources. Each chart links to an in-depth chapter that provides additional detail by threat area.

40% faster than predicted
The past five years have been the warmest years in the ocean on record.
410 parts per million
Global CO2 emissions have risen steadily in recent decades.
93 Mt
Annual production from capture fisheries has remained largely stable or slightly declining for the past 20 years.
IUU: 32mt
Illegal, unregulated, and unreported (IUU) catch may account for as much as 25% of wild capture landings.
47% of landings
Aquaculture production has grown steadily.
381 million tonnes
Roughly half of all plastic ever produced was made in the last 15 years.
10% ocean protection by 2020
Less than 6 percent of the world's ocean is protected in implemented Marine Protected Areas.
$1.3 billion USD
Foundations and development aid contributed approximately USD 1.3 billion to marine conservation in 2016.