High-profile international commitments for ocean protection: Empty promises or meaningful progress?
Grorud-Colvert, Kirsten, Vanessa Constant, Jenna Sullivan-Stack, Katherine Dziedzic, Sara L. Hamilton, Zachary Randell, Heather Fulton-Bennett, et al.
Grorud-Colvert, Kirsten, Vanessa Constant, Jenna Sullivan-Stack, Katherine Dziedzic, Sara L. Hamilton, Zachary Randell, Heather Fulton-Bennett, et al. “High-Profile International Commitments for Ocean Protection: Empty Promises or Meaningful Progress?” Marine Policy 105 (July 2019): 52–66. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpol.2019.04.003.
As 2020 approaches, countries are accelerating their commitments to protect 10% of the ocean by establishing and expanding marine protected areas (MPAs) and other area-based protections. Since it began in 2014, the Our Ocean Conference (OOC) has become a high-profile platform to announce ocean commitments. To evaluate the impact of these promises, this analysis asked: (1) What are the MPA commitments? (2) Who is making them? (3) Have these announcements been followed by action? and (4) Have they contributed significantly to ocean protection?
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