Methodology Appendix: Opportunities for Ocean-Climate Action in the United States


Mark Michelin, Emily Peterson, John B. Thomas, Molly Croll, Antonius Gagern, Lydia Kapsenberg, Max Levine, and Forrest Lewis

Publication Year:



Michelin, M., et al. 2020. “Opportunities for Ocean-Climate Action in the United States.” Report. San Francisco, CA: CEA Consulting. Available online at:


This Appendix provides a detailed overview of the methodology and data caveats for analysis in the underlying report, "Opportunities for Ocean-Climate Action in the United States." The full report provides a first-ever quantification of the potential for ocean-based climate solutions in the United States. This report provides independent, non-partisan analysis to inform efforts around ocean-based climate action at the federal and state level. The report was prepared by CEA Consulting and commissioned by the David and Lucile Packard Foundation. It provides a U.S.-level lens to build upon similar analysis conducted at the global level by the High Level Panel for a Sustainable Ocean Economy, summarized in "The Ocean as a Solution to Climate Change: Five Opportunities for Action."

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