“The Ocean as a Solution to Climate Change: Updated Opportunities for Action” (Summary for Decision-makers)


Hoegh-Guldberg, O., Northrop, E. et al.

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Ove Hoegh-Guldberg, Eliza Northrop, Oliver S. Ashford, Thierry Chopin, Jessica Cross, Carlos Duarte, Steve Gaines, Tess Geers, Stefan Gössling, Peter Haugan, Mark Hemer, Jennifer Howard, Claire Huang, Andreas Humpe, Gabriella Kitch, David Koweek, Dorte Krause-Jensen, Catherine E. Lovelock, Kathryn Matthews, Patrick Mustain, Finn Gunnar Nielsen, Robert Parker, Joyashree Roy, Tristan Smith, Shreya Some, Ya-Yen Sun, Torsten Thiele and Peter Tyedmers. 2023. "The Ocean as a Solution to Climate Change: Updated Opportunities for Action." Special Report. Washington, DC: World Resources Institute. Available online at https://oceanpanel.org/publication/ocean-solutions-to-climate-change.


This report was commissioned by the Ocean Panel, to assess the potential of ocean-based climate solutions for reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. The analysis shows that actionable ocean-based climate solutions can deliver up to 35% of the annual greenhouse gas (GHG) emission cuts needed in 2050 to limit global temperature rise to 1.5°C. Emission reductions of this magnitude are equivalent to four times the annual emissions of European Union countries.

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